|A blue supergiant is the hottest star in the universe and is the size of 60 million Earths, but even this giant can't escape even the smallest black hole|
|A black hole is in the center |
of the yellow light
The Event Horizon by definition is the theoretical boundary surrounding a black hole, within which gravitational attraction is so great that nothing, not even radiation, can escape because the escape velocity is greater than the speed of light. It's more aptly nicknamed "the point of no return," since anything which gets this close, even light, will never escape, and even though photons have no mass, they become trapped as well. Even at the exact speed of light- 670,616,629.3843951 mph, nothing at all could escape the event horizon, let alone the center, called the singularity. And yet a small black hole many times smaller (size) than Earth would easily generate far more gravity than many Suns.
According to Einstein's theories on 'relativity,' no object with mass (physical) can exceed the speed of light since light photons are massless yet cannot exceed that speed, Astronomers see beams of light bend and inevitably circle around into the event horizon, disappearing forever. No one knows what is underneath this border, but astronomers feel it's fairly safe to assume that all particles and atoms are mushed flat, where atoms are broken apart into their corresponding particles due to the immense force.
The point is, as the name of the article says so astutely, the escape velocity of the event horizon is faster than the speed of light, but how can that be possible?
|Gravity becomes so immense |
that space-time warps around it
But still, the question remains...how can the escape velocity for any object far exceed the maximum speed of the universe? Einstein said that anything which exceeds light speed would travel backward in time, which would make a black hole itself more powerful than space, time, speed, and all forces (like explosions), where not even objects with zero mass (light) can escape even when traveling at the maximum speed of the universe. This just seems lacking in my mind. The universe is far too balanced to have any single force be so colossally overpowered.
Even if the most powerful black hole's escape velocity only exceeded the speed of light by even a single mile per hour, it might be possible to infer that black holes are timeless objects, since anything that exceeds light speed travels backward in time, essentially escaping time itself.
This appears to go against the laws of relativity, however Einstein did mention that the only way to overcome light speed and the effects of time is by the manipulation of conditions, or rather the use of "special conditions." (This is where warp theory and wormholes come into sci-fi, silliness!)
|Space itself bends like a |
basketball on a blanket
I think of this because when our probe Helios 2 traveled to within 27 million miles of the Sun in 1976, its speed increased to about 4.5x its maximum (from 35,000 mph to 157,000 mph) and it was still 27 million miles away from the Sun. How much more so for a massless photon already traveling at 670,616,629 mph into a black hole? Keep in mind though, that light speed is still not nearly fast enough to escape just the event horizon, let alone the singularity. Therefore, if gravity can overcome the laws of space, time and speed, and have limitless attraction potential, what about objects with large mass approaching it? (How sad for them!) This is why I think that gravity is the king of the universe, and most astronomers agree completely. Gravity is so colossally overpowering that many astronomers and theorists believe that it could even be a type of special condition for better methods of traveling across space. perhaps enabling us to fold space-time and shrink vast distance to nothing more than walking through a doorway. This is where wormholes and warp field theories come into play. Or perhaps we could use gravity to exceed the speed light and of time, and thus live forever, being timeless objects of limitless speed potential. It's already proven that outer space slows the human aging process due to decreased gravitational forces, just as it has been proven that mega-velocities actually are the same as time travel.
|All light, radiation, rays, gases, matter and energy are devoured effortlessly even |
at near light speed (0.99c)
|Cosmic rays cannot escape|
At the same time, however, gravity is both the weakest force and most powerful force in the universe. It is felt everywhere at all times, but it has neither a true zero nor any discernible maximum. Amazing! It cannot be fully dispelled and neither does it have a maximum. It's in all places at all times both in terrible strength in some places and true weakness in other places, but is still everywhere at all times.
|The specks are doomed!|
Truly amazing, isn't it? So while achieving a true form of zero gravity means true nonexistence, just as high gravity crushes existence as we know it, this means that gravity is a very flexible force, perhaps the only constant force in the universe. For while absolute zero (-459.67°F) means that not even a single atom is moving, the atom is still there. That atom still exists, albeit in a frozen state of existence, it still exists. True zero gravity means that not even cold would exist. That frozen atom...gone...doesn't exist. This is because...
Gravity never cancels out, never reaches zero, it affects all existence regardless of mass, and has no discernible maximum, unlike speed (c), and cold (absolute zero), and mass/distance (cannot exceed size/length of universe). It is on this basis that I even believe that gravity could be harnessed for our own use. Just as we can generate gravity by generating artificial centrifugal forces, what if we used the limitless power of gravity to overcome the speed of light and time itself?